Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease and infection and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) surveillance monitors and analyzes data on the number of people infected with HIV and/or AIDS and identifies and tracks trends in disease incidence. Data collected include, but are not limited to, demographic, geographic and disease/condition-specific information. Accurate identification and timely reporting are integral parts of successful disease control, enabling public health agencies to:
- Identify contacts who may be infected or other individuals at risk for infection,
- Determine the incidence and prevalence of HIV infection and disease and AIDS in a specific area of the state, and
- Assist physicians and HIV/AIDS care providers in evaluating illnesses in their clients and communities, and
- Assist the public in making better decisions regarding their health and lifestyle.
Successful HIV infection and disease and AIDS disease surveillance enhances control efforts, such as developing prevention/control strategies and allocating resources for case management and care services.